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Edmund Amann

John Cantwell

Abstract:

The rise of innovative firms in emerging market economies is an increasingly topical issue. However, the literature has lagged behind in helping us understand this phenomenon. Aiming to shed more light on the processes through which innovative firms in emerging markets have developed, this book analyzes a variety of firm‐level experiences. These are drawn from a range of key countries, sectors, and institutional contexts. The book finds that the rise of innovative firms in emerging market countries has been influenced by shifts in the institutional, technological, and policy environment — in particular, by the opening up of emerging market economies over the past three decades, and the consequent increase in international business interactions. Across the different countries surveyed, we find that firm-level innovation has been strongly influenced by capabilities that had previously been built up in a relatively closed environment. However, in the current more open environment, we find that innovation among firms also reflects differences in these national historical contexts, as well as in the different forms of interaction with international business that have subsequently emerged. Across all countries, however, it is found that the type of firm that will prove a successful innovator varies according to its goodness of fit with its surrounding environment. Two key facets of this environment are found to be the nature of the industrial and technology policy regime and the scope of international business connections.

http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646005.001.0001/acprof-9780199646005

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A key distinctive feature of Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) as organizations resides in the fact that they span across borders. This exposes them to dissimilar and often unfamiliar social and economic conditions as they venture in foreign countries. MNEs from industrialized economies that are active in developing countries and emerging markets face particularly challenging hurdles due to both economic and institutional discrepancies between their home and host countries.

This book focuses on the uneasy interaction between the traditional logics of developing countries and the economic logic of MNEs. The traditional logics of most developing countries are built around community-based legitimacy and an intuitive but concrete epistemology. Conversely, the economic logic of MNEs from developed economies is built around technical and economic legitimacy and an abstract intellectual epistemology. Unpacking the uneasy interactions between these two logics will help achieve MNEs’ objectives of competitiveness in developing countries as well as globally.

The Montreal Local Global Research Group is a well recognized research group in formulating and researching local and global issues in strategic management from the perspective of integrating divergent dominant logics into the strategy conceptualization process, and this will be the first book to be dedicated to the study of the interaction between the traditional logic of developing country and the economic logic of Multinational Enterprise (MNE). The cultural diversity of the contributing authors and the multidisciplinary approach offers a fresh perspective from which to explore beneficial corporate and local strategies that promote long-term economic growth consistent with local traditional and cultural norms. This collection will be primarily of interest to scholars of international business, international development, and economics. Furthermore, this book is immediately relevant to decision makers in Multinational corporations, NGOs and political decision makers that mediate the interaction between local actors and corporate agents in developing and transitional economies. (text from the group’s website. see page here)

“In today’s knowledge-driven world, innovation and innovation systems have become key policy issues. However, the extent of knowledge that is available on these concepts in less developed countries is still relatively low. Much of what we know about innovation theory and systems has come from the developed countries and reflects their world view. This apparent knowledge deficit has major implications for less developed countries.
Innovation Systems and Capabilities in Developing Regions adds to the growing body of knowledge on developing countries. The theoretical and empirical case studies presented here advance the notion that, while developing countries may not engage in frontier research, a critical knowledge base upon which these countries compete for global markets is emerging. There is evidence that state and non-state actors are increasingly emphasising policies that sit within the framework of national innovation systems. This book illuminates this shift in policy competence at national levels.” (As described by publisher)

This book is described by its publisher as such: “This book examines the rise of Chinese companies in international markets during the last two decades of rapid expansion of the Chinese economy. The fruit of a collaboration between two leading business schools, HEC Paris and the School of Economics and Management of Tsinghua University, it provides a comprehensive overview of the strategies of Chinese multinationals in terms of international marketing and branding, M&As and international joint ventures, management of technology, organization and human resource management, etc.”

‘This wonderful volume brings together contributions mainly from
the innovation literature, whose findings are in a sense quite
familiar, but which in this collection are juxtaposed in such a way
as to highlight their common institutional underpinnings. This
is very much due to the efforts of the editor, whose insightful
introduction and editorial vision brings out several interesting
and emerging themes from this collection of papers. I think this
volume breaks new ground in highlighting the embeddedness
of MNE subsidiaries in multiple contexts, and it will be of
considerable interest to scholars engaged with institutional
analysis. However, I also believe that researchers interested
in regional embeddedness, the geography of innovation, and knowledge management will find new angles to their work in this collected volume.’   — Sarianna Lundan (as advertised by the publisher)

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