by Cristina Chaminade, Davide Castellani, and Monica Plechero
This report aims at understanding the changes in the global geography of innovation and to discuss the challenges and opportunities that emerge from the changing global innovation landscape. In particular, our focus is on two countries China and India as they are the two new and leading innovation powerhouses. They are emerging among the main destinations for R&D-related offshoring investments worldwide, and as well as important partners in R&D collaboration projects for both large and small firms.
The report is structured as follows.
First we provide an overview of the global shifts in innovation, providing evidence of changes in the geography, strategy, nature of the innovation activities performed abroad and the actors engaging in global innovation.Two key questions are posed: What is the extent and scope of the changes in the geography of innovation worldwide? What is different now from a decade ago?
Second, we will analyse the impact of the shift in global innovative activities by looking at the effect of R&D offshoring projects of European firms on the productivity growth in the home regions, and the effect of global research collaboration on the degree of novelty. We confront the puzzle of whether the offshoring of R&D contributes to strengthening EU countries, by increasing the productivity of EU regions, or, rather if this process is causing a hollowing out of the EU knowledge base. This complex issue bears obvious far reaching implications for policy, inasmuch there should be reasons to fear for a loss of competences due to the global shift in innovative activities. To anticipate, while our analysis will provide reassuring answers on this matter, it will draw out the difference between the impact of R&D offshoring towards India from those stemming from moving R&D to China and South-East Asia.
Please download it here
Technology & Management for Development Centre (TMCD) in University of Oxford is currently recruiting for two positions.
1. Research Officer – MNEmerge Project
TMCD is seeking to appoint a postdoctoral Research Officer to work on the research project “MNEmerge” on multinational enterprises and global development under the direction of Professor Xiaolan Fu. Activities include original research and fieldwork, participating in the day-to-day activities of the project, and producing publications including monographs and journal articles. The postholder will contribute to the advancement of the centre’s research by organising a range of activities including seminars, workshops, conferences and undertaking occasional teaching. This full-time post is funded for 24 months, to start in May 2014 or as soon as possible thereafter.
To apply, and to access the further particulars for this post, please go to:
2. Survey Management Assistant, MNEmerge Project
TMCD is also seeking to appoint a Survey Management Assistant to work on the research project “MNEmerge” on multinational enterprises and global development. Duties include: contributing to survey design; management of survey implementation in different countries; data cleaning and preliminary data analysis; participating in the day-to-day activities of the project; liaison with project partners in other countries in order to collect and enter relevant secondary data; documenting and resolving database problems; contributing to the development of the database’s user interface; and other TMDC academic support and administrative tasks as required. The post holder will help to advance the Centre’s research by contributing to the organization of a range of activities including seminars, workshops and conferences and will be responsible to the project Co-Investigator and leader of Oxford team, Professor Xiaolan Fu. This part-time post is funded for 22 hours per week (60% FTE, spread over four days a week minimum) for 18 months, to start in May 2014 or as soon as possible thereafter.
To apply, and to access the further particulars for this post, please go to:
To learn more about the MNEEmerge Project visit our website: http://www.tmd-oxford.org/content/mnemerge-project-mnes-and-global-development
Please do not send any application to this email address as only application submitted via http://www.ox.ac.uk/about_the_university/jobs/ will be considered.
Globinn group together with Globinn external experts had a strategic meeting on 11th March.
Participants discussed the commonly interested topic of globalization and innovation from different perspectives and based on different empirical evidence of firms’ offshoring, networking, acquisition as well as their impact on regional development in terms of knowledge spillovers. The findings of recently conducted interviews under the project of technology-driven FDI in European countries were introduced and interesting paper ideas were discussed. In total 7 papers were presented and 2 paper ideas were discussed. At the end of the meeting, participants discussed the application of future research funds, the new internationalization strategy of Lund University, possible book project, and so on so forth. We also talked about the next new wave of globalization which expands to other developing countries beyond China and India.
Globalisation of innovation is one of the research platforms in CIRCLE. Globinn group holds the strategic platform meeting twice a year to present research results and discuss strategy issues of research development.
The new track with emphasis upon how innovation and knowledge contributes to economic development within the established MIKE-E programme on Innovation, Knowledge and Economic dynamics at Aalborg University, Denmark.
The aim is to conceptualize, describe and discuss how building systems of learning, innovation and competence building (LICS) at different levels (local, regional and national) can serve as important elements of development strategies.
A few examples illustrate topics to be studied:
• What role does knowledge play for the catching up of emerging economies?
• How can innovation and competence-building contribute to inclusive development?
• What role for national education and university systems in a globalizing learning economy?
• How can strategies promoting innovation make natural resource based growth sustainable?
The new track starts beginning of September 2014. It has as special focus how innovation and knowledge can contribute to economic development. It is associated with the Globelics Research Network and it is initiated and organized by the Globelics Secretariat (see http://www.globelics.org).
Application-Deadlines for September 2014 intake:
March, 15 – applicants requiring visa
May, 1 – applicants with EU/EEA citizenship
Visit http://www.mike.aau.dk/ for more information about the programme, requirements and the application procedure. Any questions on the form and content of the new specialisation may be addressed to Kirsten M. Kristensen (email@example.com).
Theoretical and Empirical Research on the Internationalization of Latin American Enterprises
Call for Papers for a special issue of the Journal of Business Research
Guest Editors: Luciano Ciravegna (Royal Holloway, University of London; INCAE), Sumit K. Kundu (Florida International University), Luis Lopez (INCAE)
Submission Deadline: September 15, 2014
This special edition of JBR aims to contribute to the debate on emerging market multinationals by inviting scholarly articles focusing on the internationalization of firms based in Latin America. We are particularly interested in new studies, which use fresh empirical evidence to examine whether and how the internationalization of Latin American firms corresponds to the EMNE theories (e.g. springboard perspective, institutional void perspective, linkage-leverage-learning persepective), or whether they follow conventional IB theories (e.g. resource based theory, gradual internationalization theory, eclectic paradigm).
The guest editors seek studies focusing on firm internationalization based on one or multiple countries of Latin America. The contributions can tackle, among others, the following research questions:
– Which theories from the international business, international entrepreneurship, and international marketing fields are suited to explain the internationalization of Latin American companies?
– Does the internationalization of Latin American enterprises contribute to the development of emerging markets multinationals (EMNEs) internationalization theories? How?
– Do the springboard and linkage-leverage-learning perspectives apply to Latin American firms?
– What explains the speed and scope of internationalization of Latin American firms?
– What are the motives for internationalizing of Latin American firms?
– How important are ownership and the composition of the management team for the internationalization of Latin American firms?
– Does the eclectic paradigm explain the internationalization of Latin American firms?
– Do institutional characteristics contribute to explain the international behaviour of Latin American companies?
To submit your work, please email your paper to Luciano Ciravegna at Luciano.firstname.lastname@example.org
All papers accepted in an initial screening will enter double-blind peer review process.
For more details, please see
JBR call for paper
Globinn member Ju Liu gave a seminar on the 26th Feb 2014 about the internal and external part of multinational companies’ global innovation networks.
Her paper investigates the influence of geographical proximity and organisational proximity on the patterns of relations in multinational companies’ (MNCs) global innovation networks (GINs). Based on the primary relational data of two MNCs’ GINs, the paper finds that both case firms’ intra-firm relations are globally organised. This is because organisational proximity solves the problem of the absence of geographical proximity by providing a central control system to smooth coordination and by offering opportunities for people to meet face-to-face frequently. It is also found that the case firms’ external linkages have different pattern of relations. One case is more globally organised while the other is more locally organised. Such difference comes from the feasibility and necessity of long distance knowledge transfer. The evidences in this paper suggest that when there is organisational proximity, geographical proximity is not important to setting up connections in the GINs while organisational proximity is absent; the importance of geographical proximity differs.