This article explores in depth the role of indigenous and foreign innovation efforts in technological change and catching up and their interactions in the emerging economies. It presents original evidence and argues that, despite the potential offered by globalization and a liberal trade regime, the benefits of international technology diffusion can only be delivered with parallel indigenous innovation efforts and the presence of modern institutional and governance structures and conducive innovation systems. This conclusion is compounded by the expected inappropriateness of Northern technology for countries in the developing South that calls for greater efforts to develop indigenous innovation. In this sense, indigenous and foreign innovation efforts are complementary.
Jannika Mattes is Junior Professor for the European Societies at the Carl-von-Ossietzy University in Oldenburg, Germany and is now a researcher at CIRCLE. She defended her PhD thesis on innovation in multinational companies and its regional embeddedness in 2010. International research stays took her to Uppsala, Utrecht, London and Lund. Her research focuses on innovation in an international setting. It includes studies on multinational companies, their international reach and their regional embeddedness. Moreover, Jannika works on regional restructuration processes in the renewable energy sector and asks how these are shaped by national and international forces.
CV Jannika Mattes Nov 2012
LEI & BRICK (University of Torino – Collegio Carlo Alberto) are organising the 6th annual
workshop on “The Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research” on 2-3 May, 2013
at Collegio Carlo Alberto in Moncalieri (Torino).
The aim of the workshop is to bring together a small group of scholars interested in the analysis
of the production and diffusion of scientific research from an economics, historical, organizational,
and policy perspective.
As in previous years, we aim to attract contributions from both junior and senior scholars; a
minimum number of slots are reserved for junior researchers (PhD students or postdoc scholars,
who obtained their PhD in 2010 or later).Relevant topics for the papers include: Organisation of research activities in Universities, PRO and private R&D labs, Public and private funding of academic research, Role of gender and family in scientific research, Spillovers from scientific research, Science research networks and collaboration, Scientific careers & mobility, Scientific productivity and Teaching and research interaction
31st January 2013. Deadline for submission. To submit your paper and for further information contact: Cornelia Lawson (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Authours: John Cantwell and Ram Mudambi
In this article, we develop the concept of the degree of physical attraction exerted by the dominant firms in a local industry on other actors that increases the ease of local knowledge search for ‘insiders’ with stronger connections to others. Conversely, the physical attraction of dominant firms on other actors raises the difficulty of local knowledge search for ‘outsiders’ with weaker connections to others. Our theory has important implications for knowledge spillovers. As local industry concentration rises, the likelihood of local knowledge spillovers to outsiders falls, even with a high local knowledge stock. Further, in contrast to the strategic deterrence thesis which posits that technology leaders are deterred from entering clusters for fear of knowledge outflows, our theory implies that with high industrial concentration, it is technology laggards that are deterred, since they do not have the wherewithal to establish the local connections needed to access knowledge inflows. Using a large patent database associated with the U.K.-based subsidiaries of non-U.K. MNEs, we find strong support for our theory. Copyright © 2011 Strategic Management Society. (Abstract from Publishers)
Authours: Giuditta De Prato and Daniel Nepelski
Global innovation networks are emerging as a result of the international
division of innovation processes through, among others, international technological collaborations.
At the aggregate level, the creation of technological collaboration between
countries can be considered as mutually beneficial (or detrimental) and their random
distribution is unlikely. Consequently, the dynamics and evolution of the technological
collaborations can be expected to fulfil the criteria of a complex network. To study the
structure and evolution of the global technological collaboration network, we use patentbased
data of international co-inventions and apply the network analysis. In addition,
extending the gravity model of international technological collaboration by network
measures, we show that a country’s position in the network has very strong impact on the
intensity of collaboration with other countries.
Download paper at the Munich Personal Archive.
We’ve featured a draft of this article before but it has now been published on Economic Geography so please see the final publication!
Authours: Andrea Morrison, Roberta Rabellotti and Lorenzo Zirulia
Recent studies have stressed the role played by global pipelines in fostering the growth of clusters and innovativeness. In this article, we develop a formal model to investigate when global pipelines contribute to an increase in local knowledge, depending on various characteristics of clusters such as size, knowledge endowment, and the ease of transmission of internal knowledge. This model is an extension of Cowan and Jonard’s () model in which we introduce the concept of cluster and a role for spatial proximity in the diffusion of knowledge. Our results reveal that there is a natural tendency of actors within global pipelines to act as external stars, rather than gatekeepers of knowledge. Global pipelines are beneficial for the accumulation of knowledge only if the cluster is either characterized by a high-quality local buzz or is small and weakly endowed in terms of knowledge.
Download here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1944-8287.2012.01167.x/abstract